He was sitting there, reading SPINOZA. I never read anything from Spinoza but I know that he was a Philosopher. It must be difficult to read philosophy in the Métro, no? Anyway, above this man's head was a big advertisement saying: BECOME STINGY!
What a world!"Spinoza lived quietly as a lens grinder, turning down rewards and honours throughout his life, including prestigious teaching positions, and gave his family inheritance to his sister. Spinoza's moral character and philosophical accomplishments prompted 20th century philosopher Gilles Deleuze to name him "The absolute philosopher" (Deleuze, 1990). Spinoza died in February 1677 of a lung illness, perhaps tuberculosis, or silicoeis caused by fine glass dust inhaled while tending to his trade."